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The role and importance of aircraft on-board equipment
on the current aviation development stage

Analytics/ > 2014/ > The role and importance of aircraft on-board equipment.../ > Part Six/

International cooperation

The on-board equipment developers and manufacturers are the main suppliers for all aircraft and rotorcraft types.

The Soviet Union aircraft/rotorcraft was equipped with soviet systems. Today Russia has to develop aircraft taking into account the tendencies the world market. Currently aircraft manufacturers have to provide the high level of their product compliance with the international airworthiness standards due to export sales requirements and the world market competition.
Fig. 6.1. The SSJ-100 is manufactured almost without Russian equipment components by a cooperation of foreign developers.
Fig. 6.1. The SSJ-100 is manufactured almost without Russian equipment components by a cooperation of foreign developers.

Russian developers have to go through secondary certification at EASA or FAA based on ETSO or TSO standards. Only in this case the on-board equipment may enter the world market as a retail product that could be installed at Russian or any foreign aircraft/rotorcraft.

Some Russian devices do not comply with international standards and cannot compete at the world market. That’s why Russian developers tend to equip their planes and helicopters with foreign components and devices.

Just an example — the SSJ-100 is manufactured almost without Russian equipment components by a cooperation of foreign developers. It’s not a good practice for the Russian aviation industry development. >>>
>>> Developers cooperation
Fig. 6.2. The Airbus A380 development — a good cooperation example.
Fig. 6.2. The Airbus A380 development — a good cooperation example.

World practice of Boeing, Airbus, Embraer, and Bombardier shows the high-level of different countries aviation industries cooperation.

A good cooperation example is the Airbus A380 development. All the world aircraft developers were involved in this project.

Russia shall build the on-board equipment suites with the mixed components list using both domestic and foreign supplies.

Russian airborne equipment developers shall enter the world market and expand the manufacturing taking into account the world aviation market requirements. >>>
>>> Conclusion
  1. The promising direction of the aircraft on-board equipment development is the integrated modular avionics conception (IMA) implementation. The current on-board architecture based on IMA unifies the aircraft systems into the single suite. It’s an sophisticated computer system composed with a minimum number of unified interchangeable open standard modules. Independent from hardware products are used as SW. IMA techs are the breakthrough in the aircraft industry.

  2. IMA technologies allow:
    • simplifying OBE certification in compliance with the world standards;
    • OBE entering the world market;
    • reducing costs at OBE modernization;
    • creating the competitive environment for OBE developers, thus, reducing the suite costs and developmental risks.

  3. The proper financing is a crucial moment. The world practice shows us the following approach — 30-40% of the whole program fund goes to the on-board equipment development financing. In Russian practice these figures are in 2.5 times lower. That’s why the Russian on-board equipment is less competitive. OBE and their SW financing shall be increased to mitigate the current situation.

  4. The competitive OBE development requires:
    • the leading aircraft developers cooperation on the basis of the leading scientific and research centers which set the strategic view for the OBE development;
    • increase developments funding in the field of the on-board equipment;
    • breakthrough technologies implementation.
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